GS PAPER I

Paper- 1

General Studies -I 250 Marks

PART I

Weightage in Examination

 

Topic: Indian Heritage and Culture

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

On an average 2 Questions are there in mains i.e 25 Marks.

Here You have to read Indian Art & Architecture from Ancient to modern times. Topics that have to be covered

  • Religious Philosophies
  • Temple Architecture
  • Dance, Drama, Music
  • Different styles of Painting
  • Puppetry

 

MUST READ BOOK REFERENCE BOOK
  • Introduction to fine arts: NCERT
  • NIOS
  • www.ccrt.gov.in
  • India Year Book: Culture chapter
  • Old NCERT: Ancient India by R.S. Sharma
  • Indian Art and Culture: By Nitin Singhania

Two Important Sources for this is

NCERT

In this you will have good information about architecture. Question like

Early Buddhist Stupa-Art while depicting folk motifs and narratives successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate.” UPSC : 2016

  • NIOS

These two sources are sufficient. For further Reference you can also refer

  • CCRT Website
  • Nitin Singhania Book

Phoddalafunda: This part of UPSC understood by candidates to be quite tough. Output is less in comparison to workout. So many candidates leave this and cover some basis only.

Topic: Modern Indian History& Freedom Struggle

MUST READ BOOK  REFERENCE BOOK
  • Indian Freedom Struggle of independence – Bipin Chandra
  • A Brief History Of Modern India: Spectrum Publication
  • Old NCERT: Bipin Chandra
  • Plassey to Partition by Bipin Chandra
  • Modern Indian history – B.L Grover
  • Gandhi Movie
  • Jinnah movie

Syllabus: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

In this part we have to cover time period from 1750s to present. This part not just covers freedom struggle for which UPSC mentioned different heading. Here focus should be on events personalities and issues. This part not just want rote learning but intellectual capability to think, debate and reason.

For preparation of this part NCERT will  be sufficient and apart from this regular history books which we are require to read to cover freedom struggle. Apart from this, Current affairs is also an important aspect to prepare this section. For example, in 2016 CSE mains paper UPSC asked a question related to Netaji.

“Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom. (200 Words, CSE– 2016 )”

It was asked because documents related to Netaji Declassified and in several National Daily Netaji issue was in highlight and many editorials appeared comparing Gandhi & Subhash.

Other example: Personality related question

Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B R Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate.CSE: 2015

 

Syllabus: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors or contributions from different parts of the country.

This part demands specific subject knowledge. This part can be prepared from:

  • Bipin Chandra (Book will develop your thought process and will be helpful in writing answer.
  • Spectrum
  • If time permits can also cover another book of Bipin Chandra Plassey to Partition.

This part not just require knowledge of events but also imagination and intellectual capability to relate. This can be understood from 2015 CSE Question:

It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just hree years, but its experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935 .Discuss.   CSE: 2015

Topic: Post Independence

Must Read Books Reference Books
  • India After Independence: Bipin Chandra (Selected Chapters)
  • India After Gandhi: The History Of The World’s Largest Democracy by Ramchandra Guha
  • Watch Pradhan Mantri Series from RSTV

SyllabusPost-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

For preparation of this You can watch: Pradhan Mantri Series from RSTV to have general idea.

To metamorphose knowledge study Chapter 6 to 12 of India Since Independence – Bipan Chandra

                                                               Or

Chapters 8 to 14 from India After Gandhi: The History of The World’s Largest Democracy by Ramchandra Guha

Topic: World History

                               Must Read                             Reference Books
  • 9 th& 10th NCERT – India and the contemporary world
  • History of the World from the Late Nineteenth to the Early Twenty First Century: Arjun Dev
  • Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe

Syllabus: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society.

You can prepare this from IX & X old NCERT of History. These books not available. Alternative is

Book by Arjun Dev – History of the World from the Late Nineteenth to the Early Twenty First Century

Or

You can refer Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe (Buy From Amazon India)). This book  covers all topics of this part of the syllabus, except for Industrial revolution.

PART II (INDIAN Society)

                           Must Read Books                                              Reference Books
  • NCERT -12th : Indian Society NCERT -12th : Social Change and Development In India
  • Indian Social Structure & Change – K L Sharma
  • Social Problems in India – Ram Ahuja
  • EPW
  • Current Issues

Topic: 1

“Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.”

This part can be covered with NCERT.

Phodadalafunda: Better to read thousand times than to read thousand books once.

For this don’t roam here & there. Just refer to   NCERT – Indian Society Class 12

Refrence:

  • Indian Society – Ram Ahuja
  • Social Problems in India – Ram Ahuja

Topic 2

Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.”

Question from this section are based on general understanding and can be found in National daily and National magazines. This topic is mainly current focussed. For example, Question like

Critically examine whether growing population is the cause of poverty OR poverty is the main cause of population increase in India.   CSE 2015

There is no standard book. One can follow Yojana or can read some selected articles of EPW

Topic 3

Effects of globalization on Indian society.

This topic is also general in nature and further it can be subcategorised as

  • Effect on Women
  • Effect on Elders
  • Effects on Youth
  • Effects on Informal or Formal Labour force
  • Effect on Family

Likewise this topic can have many categories. Although books

Are there but they will form basic understanding and this topic can be prepared from Current issues.

Topic 4

Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

This topic is also general in nature and current issue based. You will also come across these while you will  be reading Indian History. Reading from there will make your concept clear.  You can also googled out these but no need to go in depth.

Question: CSE 2016

What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer.

PART III (Geography)

                               Must Read Books                                    Reference Books
  • NCERT -Xith & XIIth
  • Certificate Physical and Human Geography 1st Edition
  • Indian Geography: Khullar
  • World Geography: Majid Hussain
  • Ecology and Environment – P D Sharma
  • Down to earth, Current Affairs

Now a days from this part geography is not focussing on conventional questions. They are hardly one or two. Mostly are from Current issue based and pertain to Urbanisation, Disaster, Population, Resources, Climate Change etc. To fetch more from here Current issues will be handy.

Part I

Salient features of world’s physical geography.

This is static part and for thisrefer

Question from this are technical in Nature. Like

Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes. (CSE: 2016)

Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence
regional climates, fishing and  navigation? CSE 2015

PART II (Resources)

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

Also refer Yojana & Kurukshetra

Part III

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes”

This is actually covered under books which are referred above. This part also overlaps with current affairs. Whatever important issue related to geographical phenomena is there in news, prepare that topic in detail from your study material.

Topic critical changes in geographical featuresis  quitebroad and  related to climate change and other anthropogenic factors(such as depletion of resources, dumping of wastes, air pollution etc). Geographical features like rainforests, ice caps, rivers, corals, cyclones all get affected by climate change. Anthropogenic factors are involved in increasing desertification, vanishing forests, biodiversity, pollution of rivers and lakes, etc.

Question from this topic are like

The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the
limits o f their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate. CSE 2015