Current based PRELIMS QUESTION 14 FEB 2020

 

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1. Consider the following statements with respect to INS Karanj.

  1. INS Karanj is first state-of-the-art Scorpene class submarine of India.
  2. The Scorpene submarines are built under Project 75 with assistance from France.
  3. It has superior stealth features such as advanced acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels and hydrodynamically optimized shape. 
  4. The Scorpene submarine has the ability to be equipped with an Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 3 and 4 only

(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2. Consider the following statements regarding architecture of medieval India.

1.Jahangir Mahal was built in 17th Century by the then ruler Vir Singh Deo, which is located in Orchha, Madhya Pradesh.

2.Humayun’s tomb was built by Humayun’s widow, Hajji Begum around 1565 AD, which is located in Delhi.

3. Safdarjung’s tomb was built by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daulah of Awadh, which is situated in Lucknow.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

3.Consider the following statements regarding 11th Defexpo.

1.DefExpo, a flagship biennial event of the Ministry of Defence, is being held for the second time in Lucknow.

2.The fifth India Russia Military Industry Conference will be held on the sidelines of the event.

3. Main theme of the DefExpo India- 2020 will be ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’ and focus will be on ‘Digital Transformation of Defence’.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

4. Consider the following statement regarding The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).

1.It provides field formation and technical services to MOEFCC for the provisions of the Environment Protection Act (EPA), 1986.

2.It is a statutory organisation, in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

3.Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance are of utmost importance for CPCB.

4. The CPCB has the power to impose steep fines or shut a unit under the provisions of the EPA, 1986.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 3 and 4 only

(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

5. Consider the following statements with respect to Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary.

  1. It has been declared an International Bird Area and a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger recently.
  2. The three highest peaks in Goa are situated in the hill ranges of this sanctuary.
  3. Mandovi River, the lifeline of the state of Goa, originates in Karnataka, passes through this WLS.
  4. The formation of this sanctuary makes Goa the only state in the country that protects the entire area of the Western Ghats that falls within the state.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 3 and 4 only

(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

SOLUTION:

  1. Answer-c

Explanation

  •  Karanj is the third of the six Scorpene-class submarines being built by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) under the Project 75 programme of Indian navy.
  •  It is designed to operate in all theatres, including the tropics. It is provided with all means and communications to ensure interoperability with other components of a naval task.
  • It has superior stealth features such as advanced acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels and hydrodynamically optimized shape. These stealth features give it invulnerability, unmatched by most submarines.
  •  MDL has the contract for the construction and transfer of technology for six Scorpene submarines. The submarines are being built in collaboration with French shipbuilding major Naval Group (formerly DCNS).
  • INS Kalvari, the first to be launched, INS Khanderi, the second to be launched, is currently undergoing deep dive trails.
  •  Remaining three submarines are VelaVagirand Vagsheer
  •  Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) modules will set up on all Scorpenes beginning from 2023. “The Scorpene submarine has the ability to be equipped with an AIP system.

2. Answer-b

Explanation

Jahangir Mahal- This was built in 17th Century by the then ruler Vir Singh Deo in honour of a three day multicultural festival aims to promote tourism in the heritage city the Mughal emperor Jahangir.

Humayun’s tomb– After wandering in wilderness for 25 years, Humayun reoccupied Delhi in the year 1555 AD but he was not destined to rule any longer and died barely six months of his arrival, from a fall in his library, Sher Mandal. Humayun’s tomb was built by his widow, Hajji Begum around 1565 AD.

Safdarjung’s tomb– This was built by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daulah, the son of Safdarjung. Safdarjung was the governor of Awadh and later became the Prime Minister of Muhammad Shah, the Mughal emperor. Built in 1753-1754, the Safdarjung tomb lies at the Lodi road, New Delhi. Safdarjung’s tomb is set in the middle of a garden.

3.

Answer-a

Explanation

DefExpo, a flagship biennial event of the Ministry of Defence, is being held for the first time in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) from 5th to 9th February 2020. The 10th edition of the event was held at Chennai (Tamil Nadu) in 2018.

  •  Main theme of the DefExpo India- 2020 will be ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’ and focus will be on ‘Digital Transformation of Defence’.
  •  The DefExpo would provide a unique platform for Defence industry Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), exhibitors and private industry to display their latest innovations and capabilities.
  •  The exhibition will also highlight emergence of UP as an attractive destination for investment in the defence sector.
  • UP have 4 units of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, 9 ordnance factory units and one unit of Bharat Electronics Limited at Ghaziabad.
  • One of the two Defence Industrial Corridors (DICs) of India is planned in Uttar Pradesh. The other DIC is proposed in Tamil Nadu. 

5. Answer-d

Explanation-

  • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organisation, was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  •  Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  •  It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to MOEFCC of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  • The CPCB has the power to impose steep fines or shut a unit under the provisions of the Environment Protection Act.
  • Principal Functionsof the CPCB , as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981,
  •  To promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and
  • To improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.
  •  Air Quality Monitoring is an important part of the air quality management. The National Air Monitoring Programme(NAMP) has been established with objectives to determine the present air quality status and trends and to control and regulate pollution from industries and other source to meet the air quality standards. It also provides background air quality data needed for industrial setting and towns planning.
  • Besides this, CPCB has an automatic monitoring station at ITO Intersection in New Delhi. At this station Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ozone (O3), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) are being monitored regularly. This information on Air Quality at ITO is updated every week.
  •  India is a riverine country. It has 14 major rivers, 44 medium rivers and 55 minor rivers besides numerous lakes, ponds and wells which are used as primary source of drinking water even without treatment.
  •  The parliament of India in its wisdom enacted the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 with a view to maintaining and restoring wholesomeness of our water bodies. One of the mandates of CPCB is to collect, collate and disseminate technical and statistical data relating to water pollution. Hence, Water Quality Monitoring (WQM)and Surveillance are of utmost importance.

5.  Answer-c

Explanation-

  •  Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary is located in North Goa District, Sanguem taluka near the town of Valpoi. Owing to the presence of Bengal Tigers, it can be declared as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger.
  •  It has been declared an International Bird Area because of the presence of the Nilgiri wood-pigeon, Malabar parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill, Grey-headed Bulbul, Rufous babbler, White-bellied blue-flycatcher and Crimson-backed sunbird.
  • The sanctuary is a huge attraction for herpetologists (Study of amphibians and reptiles). Since it contains a large variety of snakes including all of the ‘big four’ of Indian venomous snakes which are Indian krait, Russell’s viper, Saw-scaled viper and spectacled cobra.
  •  This sanctuary was formed in 1999. The formation of this sanctuary has made Goa the only state in India that has completely protected the Western Ghats that are located within its boundaries.
  •  The three highest peaks in Goa are situated in the hill ranges of the sanctuary. They are Sonsogod (1027 mts), Talavche Sada (812 mts) and Vageri (725 mts). Vageri means ‘the abode of the tiger’.
  •  The Mandovi River, the lifeline of the state of Goa, originates in Karnataka, passes through the Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary.