INDIA YEAR BOOK 2020 CHAPTER 2 National Symbol

CHAPTER 2  National Symbols

  1. Consider the following statement:
  2. There is no restriction on the display of the National Flag by members of general public, private organizations, educational institutions except some conditions.
  3. The ratio of the length to the height (width) of the Flag shall be 3:2
  4. The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 15 August, 1947

Select the correct answer from code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

Answer: a

 

  • The National Flag shall be a tricolour panel made up of three rectangular panels or subpanels of equal width. The colour of the top panel shall be India saffron (kesari) and that of the bottom panel India green. The middle panel shall be white, bearing at its centre the design of Ashoka Chakra in navy blue colour with 24 equally spaced spokes.
  • The Ashoka Chakra shall preferably be screen printed or otherwise printed or stenciled or suitably embroidered and shall be completely visible on both sides of the Flag in the centre of the white panel. The National Flag shall be rectangular in shape. The ratio of the length to the height (width) of the Flag shall be 3:2. The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on July 22, 1947
  • The Flag Code of India, 2002 effective from January 26, 2002 superseded the ‘Flag CodeIndia’ as it existed then. As per the provisions of the Flag Code of India, 2002, there is no restriction on the display of the National Flag by members of general public, private organizations, educational institutions, etc., except to the extent provided in the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 and any other law enacted on the subject

 

  1. Consider the following statement:
  2. The State Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath
  3. In the original, the Lion Capital has four lions mounted back to back, on a circular abacus

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c

  • The State Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath. In the original, the Lion Capital has four lions mounted back to back, on a circular abacus.
  • The frieze of the abacus is adorned with sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening Dharma Chakras. The abacus rests on a bell shaped lotus
  • In the State Emblem lies the official seal of the Government of India. Its use is regulated by the State Emblem of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005 and The State Emblem of India (Regulation of Use) Rules, 2007 [read with State Emblem of India (Regulation of Use) Amendment Rules, 2010].

 

  1. Consider the following statement:
  2. Jana-gana-mana was originally composed in Bangla
  3. It was adopted as National Anthem of India on January 26, 1950

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a

  • The song Jana-gana-mana, composed originally in Bangla by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on January 24, 1950.
  • It was first sung on December 27, 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress. The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem
  • The playing time of the full version of the National Anthem is approximately 52 seconds. A short version consisting of the first and last lines of the National Anthem (playing time approximately 20 seconds) is also played on certain occasions

 

  1. In which session of congress first time Vande Mataram was sung?

(a) 1885 Session

(b) 1919 Session

(C) 1906 Session

(d) 1896 Session

Answer: d

  • The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source nspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. It has an equal status with Jana-gana mana. The first political occasion when it was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
  1. India’s National calandar is based on:

(a) Saka Era

(b) Georgian Calander

(c) Hijari

(d) Vikram Samvat

 

  1. Answer: a
  • The National Calendar based on the Saka Era, with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from March 22, 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar for the following official purposes: (i) Gazette of India, (ii) news broadcast by All India Radio, (iii) calendars issued by the Government of India and (iv) Government communications addressed to the public.
  • Dates of the National Calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian Calendar, 1 Chaitra falling on March 22 normally and on March 21 in leap year

 

  1. Consider the following acts:
  2. Flag Code of India
  3. Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act
  4. National Honor Act

Arrange the above acts in a chronological order:

  • 2-3-1
  • 2-1-3
  • 2-3-1
  • 1-2-3
  1. c
  • Apart from non-statutory instructions issued by the government from time to time, display of the National Flag is governed by the provisions of the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 (No. 12 of 1950) and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 (No. 69 of 1971). The Flag Code of India, 2002 is an attempt to bring together all such laws, conventions, practices and instructions for the guidance of all concerned.
  • The Flag Code of India, 2002 effective from January 26, 2002 superseded the ‘Flag Code-India’ as it existed then. As per the provisions of the Flag Code of India, 2002, there is no restriction on the display of the National Flag by members of general public, private organizations, educational institutions, etc., except to the extent provided in the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 and any other law enacted on the subject.