INDIA YEAR Book 2020 CHAPTER 6 Basic Economic Data

 

CHAPTER 6 Basic Economic Data

  1. National Statistical Commission is a/an:

(a) Executive Organization

(b) Statutory Organization

(c)  Constitutional Organization

(d) Currently non existent

  1. Answer: a
  • Through a resolution of Government of India.
  • Was set up in 2005
  • On the recommendation of the Rangarajan Commission
  • The NSC was initially constituted in 2006, to serve as a nodal and empowered body for all core statistical activities of the country, to evolve, monitor and enforce statistical priorities and standards and to ensure statistical coordination.
  • It has one part-time Chairperson and four part-time members, each having specialization and experience in specified statistical fields. Besides, Secretary, Planning Commission is an ex-officio member of the Commission. The Chief Statistician of India is the Secretary to the Commission

 

  1. Index of industrial production is published by?

(a) Labour Ministry

(b) NSO

(c) Ministry of Commerce

(d) RBI

 

  1. c
  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released by CSO every month in the form of Quick Estimates with a time-lag of 6 weeks as per the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) norms of IMF.
  • The base year of all-India IIP was revised from 2004-05 to 2011-12 and the new series was launched in 2017.

NSSO

The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, is responsible for conduct of large scale sample surveys, in diverse fields, on all India basis. Primary data is collected regularly through nationwide household surveys on various socio-economic subjects, Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) under the Collection of Statistics Act and Enterprise Surveys, as a follow up of the economic census. Besides these surveys, NSSO collects data on rural and urban prices; plays a significant role in the improvement of crop statistics through supervision of the area enumeration and crop estimation surveys of the state agencies.

 

CURRENT UPDATE

National Statistical Office (NSO) — through the merger of the NSSO and CSO under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI)

The new NSO as an agency was envisaged firstly by Rangarajan Commission to implement and maintain statistical standards and coordinate statistical activities of Central and State agencies as laid down by the National Statistical Commission (NSC).

This commission had also recommended setting up of the NSC, headed by a person with a Minister of State-level designation, to serve as a nodal and empowered body for all core statistical activities of the country.

Composition:

  • As per the recent order, there will be three Director Generals —DG (Statistics), DG (Coordination, Administration and Policy) and DG (National Sample Survey) — reporting to the Secretary (S&PI) as against DG (Economic Statistics), DG (Social Statistics) and DG (Surveys) earlier.
  • The Field Operations Division (FOD) of the present NSSO will be a subordinate office of the MoSPI and all the other divisions of present CSO, NSSO and administrative wing will exist as divisions of MoSPI.
  • The Ministry has also ordered constitution of a committee to recommend the operational level modifications required to give effect to this restructuring.
  • The order states that the proposed NSO would be headed by Secretary (Statistics and Programme Implementation), but skips any mention of NSC, which has been the overseeing body for all the statistical work done in the country.

 

  1. Annual Survey of Industries is published by:

(a) Ministry of heavy Industry

(b) Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

(c) Ministry of Finance

(d) Ministry of Commerce

3.Answer: b

  • The Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) is the principal source of industrial statistics in India. It provides statistical information to access and evaluate, objectively and realistically, the change in the growth, composition and structure of the organized manufacturing sector comprising activities related to manufacturing processes, repair services, generation, transmission, etc., of electricity, gas and water supply and cold storage

4. Thrust area of 20 Point programme is/are:

  1. Poverty alleviation
  2. Afforestation and environment protection
  3. Energy to rural areas

Select the correct answer from code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) All of the above

 

4.Answer: d

  • The Twenty Point Programme (TPP) initiated since 1975 was restructured in 1982, 1986 and 2006. The thrust of the Programme restructured in 2006 is to eradicate poverty and improve the quality of life of the poor and the underprivileged people all over the country. The programme covers various socio-economic aspects like poverty, employment, education, housing, agriculture, drinking water, afforestation and environment protection, energy to rural areas, welfare of weaker sections of the society, etc

5.Consider the following statement:

  1. Currently Nodal Ministry for Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) is Ministry of Rural Development
  2. Objective of MPLAD Scheme is to enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature with emphasizes on creation of durable community assets in the areas of national priorities

Select the correct answer from code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  1. Answer: b

The Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) was launched in 1993. Initially, Ministry of Rural Development was the Nodal Ministry for this scheme. In October, 1994 this scheme was transferred to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

 

 

  1. Annual Survey of Industries includes:

1.All the electricity undertakings engaged in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, not registered with the Central Electricity Authority

2.Defence establishments

3.All factories registered under Sections 2m (i) and 2m (ii) of the Factories Act, 1948

Code:

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 only

(d) All of the above

6 . A

  • The ASI extends to the entire country. It covers all factories registered under Sections 2m (i) and 2m (ii) of the Factories Act, 1948, where the manufacturing process is defined under Section 2 (k) of the said Act. Details the survey also covers bidi and cigar manufacturing establishments registered under the Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966. All the electricity undertakings engaged in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, not registered with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) are also covered under ASI.
  • Exemption: Defence establishments, oil storage and distribution depots, departmental units such as railway workshops, government mints, sanitary, water supply, gas storage, etc., are excluded from the purview of the survey. The coverage of AS1 has further been extended beyond the purview of the Section 2m (i) and 2m (ii) of the Factories Act, 1948 and the Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966. To start with, the units with 100 or more employees, not registered under Section 2m (i) and 2m (ii) of the Factories Act, 1948 but registered under any of the seven Acts/Board/ Authority viz., Companies Act. 1956, Factories Act. 1948 , Shops and Commercial Establishment Act, Societies Registration Act, Cooperative Societies Act, Khadi and Village Industries Board, Directorate of Industries (District Industries Centre) in the Business Register of Establishments (BRE) are considered.