Current based PRELIMS QUESTION 2 FEB 2020

1.Which of the following statement is correct regarding the Indian Economy as per the Economic Survey of 2019-2020?

(a) India’s economy is estimated to be the 6th largest in the world in terms of GDP

(b) Indian Economy has suffered a setback  during 2019-2020 financial year due to slowdown induced by a crash in supply and demand.

(c) Centre’s gross fiscal deficit as a share of GDP has come down in the last five years.

(d) None of the above

  1. Answer-c

Explanation-

India’s economy is estimated to be the 5th largest in the world in term of GDP at USD trillion in 2019. Indian Economy has suffered a setback this financial year due to slowdown induced by a crash in demand side only. Centre’s gross fiscal deficit as a share of GDP has come down in the last five years.

 

2.Consider the following statements with respect to Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj Research Training and Human Development Institute (SARTHI).

1.SARTHI is the initiative for research, policy advocacy and training for socioeconomic and education development of various communities.

2. SARTHI is an autonomous institution under the Ministry of Human Resource Development of Government of India.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

2.Answer-a

Explanation-

Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj Research Training and Human Development Institute (SARTHI), Pune is registered under Company Act, 2013 under Section 8 as Non-Profit government company for research, policy advocacy, training etc. for socio-economic and education development of Maratha, Maratha-Kunbi, Kunbi-Maratha, Kunbi community and the families dependent of agriculture in Maharashtra State. Our organisation thrust areas includes research, policy advocacy to government, training etc. and guidance to rural population, particularly the farmers whose livelihood is dependent on agriculture. SARTHI) is an Autonomous Institute of Government of Maharashtra.

3. Consider the following statements:

1.Minorities have a fundamental right under Article 30 of the Constitution to administer their institutions.

2. State can regulate appointments in minority run institutions as according to the ruling of Supreme Court.

3. The state shall not discriminate against any educational institution in granting aid on the ground that it is under the management of a minority.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

3. Answer-d

Explanation

The 2002 judgment had held that minorities have a fundamental right under Article 30 of the Constitution to administer their institutions and appoint teachers. The January 6 judgment by a two judge Bench led by Justice Arun Mishra had given the State an absolute right to impose regulations on minority established and administered institutions in the appointment of teachers, saying the step was necessary to achieve excellence in education in these institutions. State can regulate appointments in minority run institutions, court had ruled.

Article 30 (2) The state shall not, in granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language

4. Consider the following statements Capital punishment in India.

1.For filing curative petition there is certain time limit.

2. Delay in the execution can be a ground for commutation of death penalty.

3.There should be ‘victim and society centric’ guidelines to prevent delay in execution of death penalty.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

4. Answer-a

Explanation

The government claimed that the reason for this delay is a series of guidelines laid down by the Supreme Court in its judgment in the Shatrughan

Chauhan case in 2014. These guidelines had primarily held that unexplained delay in carrying out an execution would lead to commutation of death penalty to life imprisonment.

Centre seeks ‘victim and society centric’ guidelines to prevent delay in execution.

Since the Supreme Court is the apex court of the Indian judiciary, its judgment is final. However, under Article 137 of the Constitution of India, the Supreme Court is given the power to review its own judgment, if there are errors apparent on the record. A second review of the judgment of the Supreme Court is granted through a curative petition.

In the 2002 case of Rupa Ashok Hurra v. Ashok Hurra,  a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court unanimously held that in order to rectify gross miscarriage of justice in its final judgment, the court will “allow” the curative petition filed by the victim. A curative petition in itself doesn’t automatically grant a right to a second review; certain requirements must be fulfilled before the court “allows” it. These are:

  1. Court reaffirms that litigants are barred from challenging the final decision.
  2. Petitioner establishes that there was a genuine violation of principles of natural justice or an allegation of bias against the judge or judges who heard the case is proven.
  3. Petition is accompanied with a certification by a senior lawyer.

5. Consider the following statements regarding Agriculture sector.

1.India is spending 8% of agriculture GDP on research and development in agriculture sector.

2. Climate Smart Villages scheme has implemented by the Ministry of Environment.

3.  Large scale investment in agriculture over several years has encouraged monoculture, threatening the environment and soil health.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

5. Answer-b

Explanation

The expenditure on research and development in agriculture needs to be raised from nearly 0.40% of agriculture GDP to 1% as it pays huge dividends in the long run in ameliorating poverty and improving livelihoods compared to any other investment. Considering India’s dependency on agriculture and recurring climate induced disasters, it is imperative to expand the implementation of Climate Smart Villages of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) across the nation.

Large scale investment in agriculture over several years has encouraged monoculture, threatening the environment and soil health (mainly in green revolution areas). Thus small scale investment measures or an incentive based system is essential to scale up sustainable practices such as agro-forestry, climate smart agriculture, ecosystem services, conservation agriculture and others