Current based PRELIMS QUESTION 23 May 2020

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1. Consider the following statements regarding the C-17 Globe master.
1. It is US-manufactured transport aircraft commonly used to perform strategic airlift missions, transporting troops and cargo throughout the world along with medical evacuation and airdrop duties.
2. It can be operated in diverse terrain from Himalayan air bases in North India at 13,000 ft to Indian Ocean bases in South India.
3. The aircraft will have a fully integrated electronic cockpit and advanced cargo delivery system.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer-d
Explanation
C-17 Globe master
The C-17 is US-manufactured transport aircraft commonly used to perform strategic airlift missions, transporting troops and cargo throughout the world along with medical evacuation and airdrop duties.
It is 174 feet long and has wing span of about 170 feet (52 m). Its cargo compartment is 88 feet (27 m) long by 18 feet (5.5 m) wide by 12 feet 4 inches (3.76 m) high.
Its floor has rollers for palletized cargo but it can be flipped to provide flat floor suitable for vehicles and other rolling stock.
It can be operated in diverse terrain from Himalayan air bases in North India at 13,000 ft to
Indian Ocean bases in South India.
It can carry payload of 77.50 tonnes and its maximum takeoff weight is 265 tonnes.
Indian Air Force in June 2009 had planned induct C-17 for its very heavy lift transport aircraft requirement to replace several types of transport aircraft. In 2011, IAF and Boeing had agreed with terms for order of 10 C-17s with an option for six more. In 2013, C-17 was officially put into service by IAF.

2. Consider the following statements regarding the PLFS (Periodic Labour Force Survey) 2017-18.
1. The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation conducts this survey.
2. According to PLFS-2017-18, 6.1% of India’s labour force, and 17.8% of young people (15-29 years) in the labour force are unemployed.
3. The unemployment rates in urban areas are higher than those in rural areas.
4. The unemployment rate in both rural and urban India is at its highest since 1972.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) All of the above
Answer-d

  • The much-awaited report of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) 2017-18 has highlighted the difficult job situation with 6.1% of India’s labour force, and 17.8% of young people (15-29 years) in the labour force reporting to be unemployed.
  • The recently released unit-level data of the PLFS suggests that job market conditions in the country are more worrisome than what the headline numbers reveal.
  • The data shows that the proportion of the workforce engaged in regular wage/salaried jobs increased by 5 percentage points between 2011-12 (when the last NSSO employment unemployment survey was conducted) and 2017-18. But this increase was partly because of the denominator effect (the overall workforce declined by 4 percentage points between 2011-12 and 2017-18). As a share of the population, regular workers increased only by one percentage point to 8% over the same period.

3. Consider the following statements regarding the Goods and Services Tax.
1. It is an indirect tax for the whole country on the lines of One Nation One Tax to make India a unified market.
2. It is calculated only in the value addition at any stage of a goods or services.
3. GSTN has been formed to set up and operate the information technology backbone of the GST.
4. GST Council is a statutory body for making recommendations to the Union and State Government on issues related to GST
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) All of the above
Answer-c
Explanation

4. According to a March update by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), which of the following state tops list in sites contaminated by toxic and hazardous substances?
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) West Bengal
(d) Maharashtra
Answer-c
Explanation-
There are 128 sites in India contaminated by toxic and hazardous substances, according to a March update by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).
West Bengal led the list with 27 sites followed by Odisha at 23. Including those, there are 324 sites that may be contaminated, with 196 still awaiting an investigation and confirmation.
Twenty sites in 6 States have seen agencies prepare a detailed project reports, or a plan of action, to clean up sites. Such action follows orders by the National Green Tribunal (NGT).
These incidents include
 Oil contamination due to leakage of underground oil pipelines of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited in Tamil Nadu,
 Pesticide and heavy metal contamination in creeks at Eloor, Kerala,
 Chromium contamination at Rania,
 Improperly disposed electronic waste lying on the banks of river Ramganga, Moradabad and Mercury contamination of the soil at Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu, and Ganjam, Odisha.

5. Consider the following statements regarding the National Archives of India (NAI).
1. It was established on March, 1891 at Calcutta as the Imperial Record Department, it is the biggest archival repository in South Asia.
2. It is the nodal agency for the implementation of the Public Records Act, 1993 and Public Record Rules, 1997.
3. It is located at the heart of New Delhi, the Department functions as an attached Office of the Ministry of Tourism.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer-b
Explanation-
National Archives of India (NAI)
It is the custodian of the records of enduring value of the Government of India.
Established on 11 March, 1891 at Calcutta (Kolkata) as the Imperial Record Department, it is the biggest archival repository in South Asia.
It has a vast corpus of records viz., public records, private papers, oriental records, cartographic records and microfilms, which constitute an invaluable source of information for scholars-administrators and users of archives.
The Director General of Archives, heading the Department has been given the mandate for the implementation of the Public Records Act, 1993 and the rules made there under, the Public Records Rules, 1997.
Located at the heart of New Delhi, the Department functions as an Attached Office of the Ministry of Culture and have one Regional Office at Bhopal and three Records Centres at Bhubaneswar, Jaipur and Puducherry.
The Department celebrated its 125th year of the foundation during 2015-16.
Vision
To help in spreading a feeling of national pride in our documentary cultural heritage and ensuring its preservation for posterity.
Mission
To encourage the scientific management, administration and conservation of records all over the country.
To foster close relations between archivists’ and archival institutions, both at the national and international levels.
To encourage greater liberalization of access to archival holdings.
To help in developing greater professionalism and a scientific temper among creators, custodians and users of records for proper care and use of our documentary heritage.
http://nationalarchives.nic.in/content/history-0