Current based PRELIMS QUESTION 6 May 2020

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1. Consider the following statements the MILAN 2020.
1. MILAN is a series of biennial a multilateral naval exercise which commenced in 1995.
2. The Exercise with the theme ‘Synergy across the Seas’ would provide an excellent opportunity for Operational Commanders of friendly foreign navies to interact with each other in areas of mutual interest.
3. With the huge increase in the number of invites, the exercise venue has been shifted this year from Visakhapatnam to Andaman and Nicobar for logistical and administrative convenience.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

  1. Answer-b
    Explanation
    Due to the spread of COVID19, the Navy has decided to postpone the multilateral exercise, Milan 2020, scheduled for later this month off the Visakhapatnam coast.
    MILAN series of biennial a multilateral naval exercise which commenced in 1995 was conducted at Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) until last year.
    MILAN 2020 is aimed to enhance professional interaction between friendly foreign navies and learn from each other’s strengths and best practices in the maritime domain.
    The event would also provide an excellent opportunity for Operational Commanders of friendly foreign navies to interact with each other in areas of mutual interest.
    The Exercise with the theme ‘Synergy across the Seas’ would provide an excellent opportunity for Operational Commanders of friendly foreign navies to interact with each other in areas of mutual interest.
    Of the 41 navies invited, confirmations from over 30 navies have been received towards their participation in MILAN 2020.
    With the huge increase in the number of invites, the exercise venue has been shifted this year from Andaman and Nicobar to Visakhapatnam for logistical and administrative convenience.

2. Consider the following statements regarding the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
1. This is a statutory authority functioning under the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963.
2. The CBDT is works under the Department of Economic Affairs in the Ministry of Finance.
3. The CBDT consists of a Chairman and six Members.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

2. Answer-c
Explanation-
The Central Board of Direct Taxes
Functions and Organisation
The Central Board of Direct Taxes is a statutory authority functioning under the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963. The officials of the Board in their ex-officio capacity also function as a Division of the Ministry dealing with matters relating to levy and collection of direct taxes.
Historical Background of C.B.D.T.
The Central Board of Revenue as the apex body of the Department, charged with the administration of taxes, came into existence as a result of the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1924.
Initially the Board was in charge of both direct and indirect taxes. However, when the administration of taxes became too unwieldy for one Board to handle, the Board was split up into two, namely the Central Board of Direct Taxes and Central Board of Excise and Customs with effect from 1.1.1964. This bifurcation was brought about by constitution of two Boards u/s 3 of the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963.
Composition and Functions of CBDT
The Central Board of Direct Taxes consists of a Chairman and six Members.
Jurisdiction (Zonal)
Chairman – Delhi & North West Region
Member (IT) – South Zone (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala)
Member (L&C) – Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat & Maharashtra (except Mumbai)
Member (R) – West Bengal, North East Region, Orissa, Bihar and Jharkhand
Member (P&V) – Mumbai
Member (A&J) – Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Lucknow & Kanpur
Member (Inv.) – All DGsIT(Inv.), All CCsIT(Central) and DGIT(I&CI)
Allocation of work:
Cases or classes of cases, which shall be considered jointly by the Board
Cases or classes of cases which shall be considered by Chairman, Central Board of Direct Taxes
Cases or classes of cases, which shall be considered by Member (Income-tax)
Cases or classes of cases which shall be considered by Member (Legislation & Computerisation)
Cases or classes of cases, which shall be considered by Member (Revenue)
Cases or classes of cases which shall be considered by Member (Personnel & Vigilance)
Cases or classes of cases, which shall be considered by Member (Investigation)
Cases or classes of cases, which shall be considered by Member (Audit & Judicial)

3. Consider the following statements with respect to the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC).
1. It has been constituted in the PMO under the chairmanship of Prime Minister
2. It is the apex body to handle emergency situations and implement relief measures during a natural calamity
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
3. Answer-B
Explanation
NATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
For effective implementation of relief measures in the wake of a natural calamity, the Cabinet may set up a committee. On the constitution of such a committee of the Cabinet, the Agriculture Secretary shall provide all necessary information to and seek directions if any, of the Cabinet Committee in all matters concerning relief in the wake of natural calamity and take steps for effective implementation of its directions.
In the absence of such a Cabinet Committee, all matter relating to relief shall be reported to the Cabinet Secretary.
A National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) has been constituted in the Cabinet Secretariat.
The composition of the Committee is as under:
Cabinet Secretary Chairman, Secretary to Prime Minister Member, Secretary (MHA) Member, Secretary (MCD) Member, Director (IB) Member, Secretary (R&AW) Member, Secretary (Agri & Coopn.) Co-opted Member, An officer of Cabinet Secretariat, Convenor.
It is the National Disaster Management Authority for which the Prime Minister of India is the Chairman.

4. Consider the following statements regarding the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP).
1. This was launched by erstwhile Planning Commission in November 2004 for a period upto March 2010.
2. A Central Surveillance Unit (CSU) at Delhi, State Surveillance Units (SSU) at all State/UT head quarters and District Surveillance Units (DSU) at all Districts in the country have been established under this.
3. Its main objective of this is to strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance system for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends and to detect and respond to outbreaks in early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Team (RRTs).
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
4. Answer-a
Explanation

Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) was launched by Hon’ble Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare in November 2004 for a period upto March 2010. The project was restructured and extended up to March 2012. The project continues in the 12th Plan with domestic budget as Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme under NHM for all States with Budgetary allocation of 640 Cr.

A Central Surveillance Unit (CSU) at Delhi, State Surveillance Units (SSU) at all State/UT head quarters and District Surveillance Units (DSU) at all Districts in the country have been established.

 Objectives:

  • To strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance system for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends and to detect and respond to outbreaks in early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Team (RRTs)

 


https://idsp.nic.in/index4.php?lang=1&level=0&linkid=313&lid=1592

5. Consider the following statements about Sukhna Lake.
1. It is for the first time in India any non-living entity is being declared as a legal person in the country.
2. Sukhna Lake is a rain-fed lake, located within Chandigarh and its catchment area falls only in Haryana.
3. The court recently invoked its parens patriae jurisdiction to declare the lake as a legal entity for its survival, preservation and conservation having a distinct persona with corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?
(a) 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 only
(d) 1 and 3

5. Answer-d
Explanation-
Sukhna Lake
The Punjab and Haryana High Court has declared Sukhna Lake (Chandigarh) as a living entity recently.
The court invoked its parens patriae jurisdiction to declare the lake as a legal entity for its survival, preservation and conservation having a distinct persona with corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.
All the citizens of Union Territory, Chandigarh, are hereby declared as loco parentis (in the place of a parent) to save the lake from extinction.
Sukhna Lake is a rain-fed lake, located within Chandigarh and its catchment area falls both in Punjab and Haryana.
The lake was constructed in 1958 and is spread over 3 sq km.
An area of 2 km to 2.75 km around the lake has been declared as an eco-sensitive zone by the Chandigarh Administration.
All activities in this area fall under provisions of the Environment Protection Act.
The court has completely banned new construction in the catchment areas falling in the states of Punjab, Haryana and Union Territory Chandigarh as well as in the Sukhna Wetland and Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary.
Earlier, Uttarakhand High Court declared the rivers Yamuna and Ganga as legal or juridical persons, enjoying all the rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.
The HC bench was hearing a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition filed in 2014 and gave a landmark judgment stating that the Ganga and the Yamuna must be treated as living entities.