Current based PRELIMS QUESTION 9 May 2020

FOR PREVIOUS UPDATE ON CURRENT QUESTION CLICK HERE

1. Mac-binding frequently seen in the news recently is related with?
(a) Antibiotic resistance
(b) Internet Access
(c) Ionospheric phenomenon
(d) COVID-19

  1. Answer-b
    Explanation
    After seven months, the use of social media was allowed in Jammu and Kashmir recently. An order said that, Internet connectivity will be made available “with Mac-binding”.
    What is Mac-binding?
    Every device has a Media Access Control (MAC) address, a hardware identification number that is unique to it. While accessing the Internet, every device is assigned an IP address.
    Mac-binding essentially means binding together the MAC and IP addresses, so that all requests from that IP address are served only by the computer having that particular MAC address.
    In effect, it means that if the IP address or the MAC addresses changes, the device can no longer access the Internet.

2. Consider the following statements regarding the Courts and Tribunals.
1. The Tribunals generally regulate their own procedure applying provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure only, where required, and without being restricted by the strict rules of Evidence Act.
2. The Courts are governed by statutory procedural rules, in particular the Code of Civil Procedure and Evidence Act.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
2. Answer-d
Explanation-
The Gauhati High Court has set aside an order by a Foreigners’ Tribunal (FT) in Jorhat district of eastern Assam, calling it a “perversity”. The court has asked the Tribunal for a fresh opinion and allowed bail application by the alleged ‘foreigner’. The order comes after the HC last month upheld FT orders declaring two women from extremely poor families as ‘foreigners’, ruling that multiple documentary evidence they had submitted were not enough to establish their Indian citizenship. The HC order said that “the strict rules of evidence are not applicable in a tribunal”.
To explain the difference, the HC quoted a Supreme Court order which gave three points of difference, one of which states:
While courts are governed by detailed statutory procedural rules, in particular the Code of Civil Procedure and Evidence Act.
Tribunals generally regulate their own procedure applying provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure only, where required, and without being restricted by the strict rules of Evidence Act.

3. Which of the following institution launched the ‘United for Biodiversity’ coalition?
(a) European Commission
(b) Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)
(c) National Biodiversity Authority
(d) UN Environment Programme
3. Answer-a
Explanation
The European Commission (EC) launched the ‘United for Biodiversity’ coalition made up of zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, national parks, and natural history and science museums from around the world, on World Wildlife Day 2020, according to a statement by it. The coalition offered the opportunity for all such institutions to “join forces and boost public awareness about the nature crisis, ahead of the crucial COP-15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Kunming, China in October 2020,” when nations will adopt a new global framework to protect and restore nature, the statement added.
The coalition adopted a common pledge, citing the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Global Assessment finding that one million species were already at risk of extinction, and appeals to visitors to each of their institutions to “raise their voice for nature.”
IPBES welcomed the formation of the coalition.

4. Consider the following statements regarding the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).
1. Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the implementation agency of PMBJP.
2. This is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

4. Answer-c
Explanation
Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP)
PMBJP is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses. PMBJP stores have been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs.
It was launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals in November 2008 under the name Jan Aushadi Campaign. Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the implementation agency for PMBJP
http://janaushadhi.gov.in/pmjy.aspx

5. Consider the following statements regarding the Star Labeling Programme
1. The Star Labeling Programme has been formulated by Bureau of Energy Efficiency, as part of its mandate, under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
2. BEE has expanded the coverage by including Energy Efficient Deep Freezers and Light Commercial Air Conditioners (LCAC) under this.
3. Deep Freezers and Light Commercial Air Conditioners (LCAC) are added under the mandatory regime.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
5. Answer-b
Explanation-
The Star Labeling Programme
The Star Labeling Programme has been formulated by Bureau of Energy Efficiency, as part of its mandate, under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
Under this Programme, BEE has covered 24 appliances till date wherein 10 appliances are under mandatory regime.
On the occasion of 19th foundation day, BEE has expanded the coverage by including Energy Efficient “Deep Freezers” and “Light Commercial Air Conditioners (LCAC)”.
Through launch of these two new appliances under voluntary regime, 26 appliances would now be covered under this programme.
Deep Freezers and Light Commercial Air Conditioners (LCAC) were added under the voluntary regime.
During the event, Urja Dakshata Information Tool (UDIT), a first ever initiative taken by BEE with World Resources Institute (WRI), to facilitate a database on energy e¬fficiency was launched.
UDIT is a user-friendly platform that explains the energy efficiency landscape of India across industry, appliances, building, transport, municipal and agriculture sectors.
UDIT will also showcase the capacity building and new initiatives taken up by the Government across the sectors in the increase energy efficiency domain.