PIB August (English) 2019

Click here to download-  PIB August English 2019

  1. E-VBAB Network Project

 

  • Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and the Telecommunications Consultants India Ltd (TCIL) signed an Agreement for the implementation of e-VidyaBharati and e-AarogyaBharati (e-VBAB) Network Projec
  • E-VBAB Network Project is primarily a technological upgrade and extension of the Pan-African e-Network Project (Phase 1) which was implemented in 48 partner countries across Africa from 2009 till 2017
  • Over the 5 years project duration, e-VBAB Network Project will provide free tele-education courses in various academic disciplines to 4000 students every year from African countries. The Project will also be utilized for providing free Continuing Medical Education (1000 every year) to African doctors/nurses/para-medical staff. Further, Indian doctors, through this project will provide free medical consultancy to those African doctors who seek such consultancy.

2.     The Code on Wages Bill, 2019 

Ø  The bill replaces the following laws

ü  The Payment of Wages Act, 1936

ü  the Minimum Wages Act, 1948

ü  the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965

ü  the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.

Ø  Who are entitled

ü  Applies to all employees where Central Government and State Government respectively will make decision

ü  Wages include salary, allowance, or any other component expressed in monetary terms. This does not include bonus payable to employees or any travelling allowance, among others.

Ø  Floor wage

ü  According to the Code, the central government will fix a floor wage, taking into account living standards of workers.  Further, it may set different floor wages for different geographical areas.  Before fixing the floor wage, the central government may obtain the advice of the Central Advisory Board and may consult with state governments

ü  The minimum wages decided by the central or state governments must be higher than the floor wage. In case the existing minimum wages fixed by the central or state governments are higher than the floor wage, they cannot reduce the minimum wages.

Ø  Fixation of minimum wages

ü  The Code prohibits employers from paying wages less than the minimum wages.  Minimum wages will be notified by the central or state governments.  This will be based on time, or number of pieces produced.  The minimum wages will be revised and reviewed by the central or state governments at an interval of not more than five years.

Ø  Deduction

  The employer can perform deduction from wages if

ü  Fine

ü  Absence from duty

ü  accommodation given by the employer

ü  Recovery of advances given to the employee

ü  aims to boost goods trade by eliminating most tariff and non-tariff barriers 

1.     The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019

Ø  Passed from both the houses of parliament.

Ø  Who may commit a terrorism

·         The central government may designate organization and individual as terrorist which are

ü   commits or participates in acts of terrorism

ü  prepares for terrorism

ü  promotes terrorism

ü  is otherwise involved in terrorism

Ø  Approval for seizure of property by NIA

·         Under the Act, an investigating officer is required to obtain the prior approval of the Director General of Police to seize properties that may be connected with terrorism.  The Bill adds that if the investigation is conducted by an officer of the National Investigation Agency (NIA), the approval of the Director General of NIA would be required for seizure of such property. 

Ø  Investigation by NIA

ü  Investigation can conducted by by officers of the rank of Deputy Superintendent or Assistant Commissioner of Police or above.

ü  Bill additionally empowers the officers of the NIA, of the rank of Inspector or above, to investigate cases

2.     The amended Framework Agreement of the ISA for opening up the ISA membership to all countries that are members of the United Nations

Ø   the International Solar Agreement (ISA) for opening up the ISA membership to all countries that are members of United Nations

3.     Jammu and Kashmir (Reorganisation) Bill, 2019 

Ø  Reorganisation of Jammu and Kashmir: The Bill reorganises the state of Jammu and Kashmir into: (i) the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir with a legislature, and (ii) the Union Territory of Ladakh without a legislature.  The Union Territory of Ladakh will comprise Kargil and Leh districts, and the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will comprise the remaining territories of the existing state of Jammu and Kashmir. 

  • Lieutenant Governor:The Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will be administered by the President, through an administrator appointed by him known as the Lieutenant Governor.  The Union Territory of Ladakh will be administered by the President, through a Lieutenant Governor appointed by him. 
     
  • Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir:The Bill provides for a Legislative Assembly for the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.  The total number of seats in the Assembly will be 107.  Of these, 24 seats will remain vacant on account of certain areas of Jammu and Kashmir being under the occupation of Pakistan.  Further, seats will be reserved in the Assembly for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in proportion to their population in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.  In addition, the Lieutenant Governor may nominate two members to the Legislative Assembly to give representation to women, if they are not adequately represented.     
     

Ø  The Assembly will have a term of five years, and the Lieutenant Governor must summon the Assembly at least once in six months. The Legislative Assembly may make laws for any part of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir related to: (i) any matters specified in the State List of the Constitution, except “Police” and “Public Order”, and (ii) any matter in the Concurrent List applicable to Union Territories.  Further, Parliament will have the power to make laws in relation to any matter for the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Ø  Council of MinistersThe Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will have a Council of Ministers of not more than ten percent of the total number of members in the Assembly.  The Council will aide and advise the Lieutenant Governor on matters that the Assembly has powers to make laws.  The Chief Minister will communicate all decisions of the Council to the Lieutenant Governor

  • High CourtThe High Court of Jammu and Kashmir will be the common High Court for the Union Territories of Ladakh, and Jammu and Kashmir.  Further, the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will have an Advocate General to provide legal advice to the government of the Union Territory.   

Ø  Legislative Council: The Legislative Council of the state of Jammu and Kashmir will be abolished.  Upon dissolution, all Bills pending in the Council will lapse. 

Ø  Advisory CommitteesThe central government will appoint Advisory Committees, for various purposes, including: (i) distribution of assets and liabilities of corporations of the state of Jammu and Kashmir between the two Union Territories, (ii) issues related to the generation and supply of electricity and water, and (iii) issues related to the Jammu and Kashmir State Financial Corporation.  These Committees must submit their reports within six months to the Lieutenant Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, who must act on these recommendations within 30 days.