PIB October 2019 (English) – The Core IAS

PIB October 2019 (English)

1.      Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2019-20

Ø  SGBs are government securities denominated in grams of gold. They are substitutes for holding physical gold. Investors have to pay the issue price in cash and the bonds will be redeemed in cash on maturity. The Bond is issued by Reserve Bank on behalf of Government of India.

Ø  Benefits

ü  The quantity of gold for which the investor pays is protected, since he receives the ongoing market price at the time of redemption/ premature redemption. The SGB offers a superior alternative to holding gold in physical form. The risks and costs of storage are eliminated. Investors are assured of the market value of gold at the time of maturity and periodical interest. SGB is free from issues like making charges and purity in the case of gold in jewellery form. The bonds are held in the books of the RBI or in demat form eliminating risk of loss of scrip etc.

2.    RUCO (Repurpose Used Cooking Oil) initiative

Ø  Repurpose Used Cooking Oil (RUCO) is an ecosystem that will enable the collection and conversion of UCO to biodiesel.

Ø  The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) had launched RUCO 

Ø  The level of Total Polar Compounds (TPC) have been set at 25%, beyond which the cooking oil is unsafe for consumption.


3.        Youth Co:Lab

Ø  Initiative to recognize young people as critical drivers of sustainable development, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 

Ø   Aims at accelerating social entrepreneurship and innovation in young India.

4.      India launches “Green Crackers” .

Ø  CSIR-NEERI along with Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO), Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEFCC)  participated for R&D

Ø  a green logo as well as a Quick Response (QR) coding system has been developed for differentiation of green crackers from conventional crackers.

Ø  CSIR-NEERI has also developed new formulations for reduced emission light and sound emitting crackers with 30% reduction in particulate matter.

5.      National e-Assessment Centre (NeAC) 


6.        Gagan Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information (GEMINI) device.


Ø  Satellite-based advisory service launched for deep sea fishermen.

Ø  It aims to disseminate emergency information and communication on disaster warnings, Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ) and Ocean States Forecasts (OSF) to fishermen.

Ø  GEMINI is a portable device which receives data from the GAGAN satellites and sends it to the user’s cell phone.

Ø  INCOIS also launched a new PFZ forecast model which would help the fishermen in forecasting potential fishing zones.

Ø  INCOIS (Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services)

ü  comes under the Ministry of Earth Sciences

ü  Its mandated is to provide the best possible ocean information and advisory services to government agencies, society, industry and the scientific community through sustained ocean observations and constant improvements through systematic and focussed research.

ü  H.Q at Hyderabad

7.        DHRUV 

Ø  Launched by Isro under Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme

Ø   The objective of the Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme program would be to allow talented students to realize their full potential and contribute to society. 

Ø  The programme will be called DHRUV (after the Pole Star)

Ø  every student to be called ‘DHRUV TARA’. 

Ø  It will cover two areas i.e. Science and Performing Arts.

Ø  The students will be broadly from classes 9 to 12, from all schools including government and private.

8.      mHariyali,

Ø  By Ministry of Housing And Urban Affairs

Ø  to encourage Public engagement in  planting  trees and other such Green drives.

Ø  People can now upload information/photos of any plantation done by them, which is linked to app and will be displayed on the website www.epgc.gov.in

Ø  nodal officers to periodically monitor the plantation

9.      Typhoon Hagibis

Ø  The strongest thyphoon to hit Japan since 1950’s

Ø  Typhoon is a region-specific name of the Tropical Cyclone (swirling system of clouds and thunderstorms that originates over tropical or subtropical oceans).

10.  Livestock Census report

Ø  Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has released the 20th Livestock Census report 


11.  National Protocol on Snow Leopard Population Assessment 

Ø  By of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC),

Ø  International Snow Leopard Day is 23 october

Ø  Snow Leopard is found in 12 countries. They are India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Mongolia, Russia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.(Except  Turkmenistan)

Ø  In India Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunanchal Pradesh.

Ø  About Global Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Protection (GSLEP)

ü  This was signed by !2 countries under Bishkek deceleration

ü  Here a Secure 20 By 2020 Programme was initiated to conserve the habitat of snow leopard

12.     Doing Business Report(DBR, 2020)

Ø  The World Bank released its latest Doing Business Report(DBR, 2020) 

Ø  a jump of 14 positions against its rank of 77 in 2019to be placed now at 63rdrank among 190 countries 

13.  Vishwa Shanti Stupa in Rajgir


Ø  Built completely with marble, the stupa comprises four golden statues of Lord Buddha with each representing his life periods of birth, enlightenment, preaching and death.

Ø  At Rajgir The First Buddhist Council happened

14.    ‘Exercise SHAKTI’

Ø  between India and France 

15.     Air Independent Propulsion (AIP)


Ø  India have installed it under PROJECT 75

Ø  Help the submarine to delay the timing to come surface

16.  Swachchta Ambassador Award to Sachin Tendulkar

17. PRAKASH (Power Rail Koyla Availability through Supply Harmony) portal

Ø  The Portal aims at bringing better coordination for coal supplies among all stakeholders viz – Ministry of Power, Ministry of Coal, Coal India, Railways and power utilities

Ø  Benefits of Portal to the Stakeholders

ü  Coal company will be able to track stocks and the coal requirement at power stations for effective production planning

ü  Indian Railways will plan to place the rakes as per actual coal available at siding and stock available at power stations.

ü  Power stations can plan future schedule by knowing rakes in pipe line and expected time to Reach.

ü  Stock at power generating station

ü  Ministry of Power /Ministry of Coal/ CEA/ POSOCO can review overall availability of coal at thermal power plants in different regions

Ø  PRAKASH Portal is developed by NTPC and sources data from different stakeholders such as Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Centre for Railway Information System (CRIS) and coal companies. 





Topic : Importance of governance ,transparency and accountability .

  1. The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) observes the Vigilance Awareness Week from 28th October to 2nd November, 2019.


  • “Integrity- A way of life” has been chosen as the theme 
  • The Commission has requested all Central Government Ministries/Organizations to conduct activities relevant to the theme both within their organization, and outreach activities for public/citizens as follows:
  • Activities to be conducted within the organization include taking of the Integrity Pledge by all employees, distribution of pamphlets/handouts on preventive vigilance activities, whistle blower mechanism and other anti-corruption measures, conducting workshops and sensitization programmes for employees and other stake holders on policies/procedures of the organization and preventive vigilance measures. Other activities include publication of  journals / newsletters on vigilance issues, systemic improvements and good practices adopted for wider dissemination and awareness, conducting various competitions such as debates, quiz etc. for the employees and their families on issues relating to anti-corruption and the use of organizational websites for dissemination of employees/customer oriented information.


  • Outreach activities for public/citizens include the display of hoardings, banners, posters and distribution of handouts etc. at prominent locations/places in offices/field units and also at places with public interface , organization of grievance redressal camps for citizens/customers by organizations having customer oriented services/activities and the taking of the online “Integrity Pledge” developed by the Commission.
  • lying stress for creation of awareness on the ill-effects of corruption amongst school and college students, various activities such as lectures, panel discussions, debates, quiz, essay writing, slogans/elocution/cartoon/poster competitions on moral values, ethics, good governance practices etc.











  1. If a daughter places a condition of a toilet being in place before marriage, then the toilet would somewhere get the status of ‘Izzatghar’.

                                                             PM Modi

Places in news

  1. Singapore
  • Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance of Singapore Mr. Heng Swee Keat called on Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi 
  • he launch of RuPay Card and BHIM app in Singapore
  • Bangladesh
  • Pm of Bangladesh visited India
  • LPG import for India initiated
  • Bangladesh-India Professional Skill Development Institute will prepare skilled manpower and technicians for the industrial development of Bangladesh.

 IV.            Saudi Arabia

Why In news :Pm Modi visited Saudi Arabia

    V.            Comoros and Sierra Leone

Ø  the Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu to visit Comoros and Sierra Leone

























  • Maharaja Jayachamaraja
  • the 25th maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore from 1940 to 1971,
  • about Wadiyar Dynestry
  • The dynasty was established by Vijaya, Vijaya took on the name and ruled Mysuru, then a small town, from 1399 CE to 1423 CE. The Wadiyars of Vijaya’s dynasty belong to the ArasuWadiyar community of Karnataka, which includes many of the noble clans of the region.
  • The Vijayanagara Empire disintegrated in 1565. The power vacuum created soon after was utilized by Raja Wadiyar, who ruled Mysuru from 1578 to 1617. He expanded the borders of the Mysuru kingdom and also shifted the capital from the city of Mysuru in 1610 to Srirangapatna, a rare island formed by the river Cauvery , which provided natural protection against military attacks.
  • Subsequent famous rulers of the dynasty include Kanthirava Narasaraja I (ruled 1638-1659) who expanded the frontiers of the Mysuru Kingdom to Trichy in Tamil Nadu. The dynasty reached its peak under Chikka Devaraja (ruled 1673-1704), who widely reformed the administration of the empire by dividing it into 18 departments (called Chavadis) and also introduced a coherent system of taxation.



Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *