PIB (English) September 2019 – The Core IAS

PIB (English) September 2019

Download file click –  www.thecoreias.com/pib



  1. Nirvik 
  • Ministry of Commerce & Industry throughExport Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) has introduced a new Export Credit Insurance Scheme (ECIS) called NIRVIK to enhance loan availability and ease the lending process.
  • The scheme was announced by the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman to boost exports on 14thSeptember 2019 in New Delhi.
  • Tthe annual bilateral joint exercise between Indian Army (IA) and Royal Thailand Army (RTA) 
  1. India’s Cooling Action Plan
  • India Cooling Action seeks to (i) reduce cooling demand across sectors by 20% to 25% by 2037-38, (ii) reduce refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by 2037-38, (iii) Reduce cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by 2037-38, (iv) recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under national S&T Programme, (v) training and certification of 100,000 servicing sector technicians by 2022-23, synergizing with Skill India Mission.
  • ICAP recommends synergies with ongoing government programmes and schemes such as Housing for All, the Smart Cities Mission, Doubling Farmers Income and Skill India Mission, in order to maximize socio-economic co-benefits


Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP)-

  • To build higher managerial capabilities of existing higher education leaders and administrators and to draw fresh talent into the management of higher education systems, a National Initiative “Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP)” was launched to design and deliver a structured scheme of leadership development for HEIs. LEAP is a three weeks leadership development training programme (2 weeks domestic and one week foreign training) for second level academic functionaries in public funded higher education institutions. The main objective is to prepare second tier academic heads that are potentially likely to assume leadership roles in the future. LEAP is being implemented through the following 15 institutions:
  1. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
  2. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
  3. Banaras Hindu University
  4. Jamia Miliia Islamia
  5. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
  6. Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata
  7. University of Hyderabad
  8. NIT Trichy
  9. University of Delhi
  10. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
  11. Jawaharlal Nehru University
  12. Indian Institute of Technology BHU
  13. TISS Mumbai (CALEM)
  14. AMU (CALEM)
  • The mandatory eligibility conditions are:  minimum 8 years of experience as Professor;  3 years administrative experience; Impeccable Integrity; High academic standing preferably 30 publications in ‘SCOPUS’ indexed international journals or UGC approved journals; and age below 58 years.
  • A maximum of Rs. 10 Lakhs per participant (including foreign training) is approved and each training institution signs MoUs with its foreign counterpart. LEAP training institution prepares information brochures with relevant information, such as structure of the programme,  Curriculum, Resource Persons, Pedagogical aspects, Assessment and evaluation and scheduled dates for Indian & foreign training. Each training module will have a batch of 30 trainees.  At the end of the training, the trainees are evaluated on ten critical leadership attributes, namely,  visioning & strategizing; communication skills; people management; conflict management & handling stress; decision making; Teaching Learning, research and innovation; financial planning and management; administrative skills; understanding students; and collaboration.  In 2018-19, out of 15 LEAP approved Institutions, 12 have completed LEAP training with 280 participants , two are ongoing and DU is expected to conduct only one round.
  1. Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT) –
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development launched Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT) in November, 2018. ARPIT is a major and unique initiative of online professional development of 1.5 million higher education faculty using the MOOCs platform SWAYAM. For implementing ARPIT, discipline-specific National Resource Centers (NRCs) are identified which are tasked  to prepare online training material with focus on latest developments in the discipline, new & emerging trends, pedagogical improvements and methodologies for transacting revised curriculum.
  1. ASTRA
  • Why in news: ASTRA, has been successfully flight tested on 16 September 2019 off the coast of Odisha. The missile was launched from Su-30 MKI as a part of User trials.
  • Air-to-Air missile,
  • Developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation
  • With a range of over 70 km.
  • The missile can fly towards its target at a speed of over 5,555 kilometres per hour. It has a 15-kilogramme high-explosive pre-fragmented warhead.
  1. Head on Generation system Technology
  • Why in news: The way ACs run and power supply is done in railway coaches is to transform. Such new technological transformation is also to bring in foreign exchange saving of about 1400 Crore Rupees per year.

How it works:

  • Head on Generation technology, the power will be drawn from the Overhead Electric supply.
  • The power generator cars which used to make huge noise and emit fumes will no more be there. In place of two such generator cars there will be one standby silent generator car to be used for emergency. In place of the other car, there will be LSLRD (LHB Second Luggage, Guard & Divyaang Compartment). This LSLRD will also have capability to convert power from the overhead supply to be utilised in the entire train while providing space for luggage guard room and additional passengers.
  • Currently, the cost of power is over Rs. 36 per unit and with HOG it will available at Rs. 6 Per unit.

More about technology

  • Head on Generation system is electrical power supply system where electrical power for catering hotel  load of train, which includes Train Lighting, Air conditioning, Lighting, fannage and other passenger interface requirement working on electrical power supply. This scheme is widely used power supply system by Railways world over. The power in this system is received from locomotive. With introduction of this scheme heavy underslung power generating equipment gets eliminated. Further it also reduces use of Diesel sets employed in power cars in End on Generation system.
  • In the year 1996, Indian railways entered into ToT agreement with Linke Hofmann Busch Germany.  The LHB coaches have been designed to run on End on Generation system with two power cars employing two DG sets on either end. 
  • During the period from 2000 to 2017, both LHB and ICF coaches used to be manufactured in Railway Production Units. LHB coaches continued to be manufactured with EOG power supply system employing two power cars at either end. Whereas ICF coaches with self generating technology employing belt driven alternators in bogies continued to be manufactured.
  • Cost of electricity generation from DG set and in self generating coaches is very high resulting into increase in diesel consumption and substantial operating expenditure
  1. National Cancer Grid Vishwam Cancer Care Connect
  • Why in news: Shri N. Vyas, Secretary DAE & Chairman AEC launched NCG Vishwam Cancer Care Connecton 17th September 2019 in Vienna on the sidelines of 63rd General conference of IAEA. 

About NCG

  • NCG-Vishwamenvisages integration of the hospitals and relevant cancer care institutes from partner countries with the National Cancer Grid (NCG) of India.
  • NCG is managed by TMC and was established in 2012 with the broad vision for creating uniform standards of cancer care across India.
  • In the short span of seven years, it has grown to a large network of 183 cancer centres, research institutes, patient advocacy groups, charitable organizations and professional societies. Incorporating virtually all stakeholders of cancer care in India, it has now become a strong, unified and powerful System in the fight against cancer.

Objective of NCG

  • The objective of the NCG has been removing the disparity in Cancer Care. The NCG Vishwam is expected to play the same role globally.
  • Eleven countries expressed interest immediately after the launch. Hospitals from Sri Lanka and Bangladesh conveyed their appreciation through a video message of offering the NCG to foreign countries.
  1. National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) Scheme

Why in news:

  • Ministry of Human Resource Development has announced a new PPP Scheme, National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) for using technology for better learning outcomes in Higher Education.


  • The objective is to use Artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalised and customised as per the requirements of the learner. This requires development of technologies in Adaptive Learning to address the diversity of learners. There are a number of start-up companies developing this and MHRD would like to recognise such efforts and bring them under a common platform so that learners can access it easily. Educating the youth is a National effort and MHRD proposes to create a National Alliance with such technology developing EdTech Companies through a PPP model.

Details of the Programme

  • MHRD would act as a facilitator to ensure that the solutions are freely available to a large number of economically backward students. MHRD would create and maintain a National NEAT platform that would provide one-stop access to these technological solutions. EdTech companies would be responsible for developing solutions and manage registration of learners through the NEAT portal. They would be free to charge fees as per their policy. As their contribution towards the National cause, they would have to offer free coupons to the extent of 25% of the total registrations for their solution through NEAT portal. MHRD would distribute the free coupons for learning to the most socially/economically backward students.
  • AICTE would be the implementing agency for NEAT programme. The scheme shall be administered under the guidance of an Apex Committee constituted by MHRD. Independent Expert Committees would be constituted for evaluating and selecting the EdTech solutions. MoUs will be signed with the shortlisted EdTech companies. Awareness programs would be taken up by MHRD to create awareness of the NEAT solutions to teachers and students.
  • MHRD proposes to launch and operationalise NEAT  in early November 2019.
  1. Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana 

Why in news:

  • A flagship scheme of the Government for pregnant women and lactating mothers has achieved a significant milestone by crossing one crore beneficiaries. The total amount disbursed to the beneficiaries under the scheme has crossed 

What is the Scheme:

  • PMMVY is a direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme under which cash benefits are provided to pregnant women in their bank account directly to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss.
  • Implementation of the scheme started with effect from 01.01.2017.
  • Under the ‘Scheme’, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) receive a cash benefit of Rs. 5,000 in three installments on fulfilling the respective conditionality, viz. early registration of pregnancy, ante-natal check-up and registration of the birth of the child and completion of first cycle of vaccination for the first living child of the family.
  • The eligible beneficiaries also receive cash incentive under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Thus, on an average, a woman gets Rs. 6,000.

E-governance Mechanism for Monitoring

  • Implementation of the scheme is closely monitored by the central and state governments through PMMVY-CAS, a web based software application. The application is interoperable with UIDAI and Public Financial Management System (PFMS) for authentication of unique beneficiaries and their Bank Accounts. The Scheme is 100 percent Local Government Directory (LGD) compliant with a uniform master data of all villages/towns/cities throughout the Country on one platform, i.e. PMMVY-CAS. These features have helped in quick implementation of the scheme and eliminating duplication of benefits.
  1. PACEsetter Fund programme
  • The PACEsetter fund was constituted by India and the USA in 2015 as a joint fund to provide early-stage grant funding to accelerate the commercialization of innovative off-grid clean energy products, systems, and business models.
  • The mission of the PACEsetter Fund is to accelerate the commercialization of innovative off-grid clean energy access solutions by providing early-stage grant funding that would allow businesses to develop and test innovative products, business models and systems.
  • The Fund’s main purpose is to improve the viability of off-grid renewable energy businesses that sell small scale (under 1 megawatt) clean energy systems to individuals and communities without access to grid connected power or with limited/intermittent access. (less than 8 hours per day).
  1. ‘UMMID’ initiative
  • UMMID (Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders) initiative
  • It is designed on the concept of ‘Prevention is better than Cure’. In India’s urban areas, congenital malformations and genetic disorders are the third most common cause of mortality in newborns.
  • The Government of India has launched the National Health Policy, 2017 aiming to shift focus from “sick-care” to “wellness”.  UMMID initiative shall work towards achieving wellness by promoting prevention of genetic diseases.
  • With a very large population and high birth rate, and consanguineous marriage favoured in many communities, prevalence of genetic disorders is high in India, the UMMID initiative aims:

 (i) to establish NIDAN Kendras to provide counselling, prenatal testing and diagnosis, management, and multidisciplinary care in Government Hospitals wherein the influx of patients is more

(ii) to produce skilled clinicians in Human Genetics, and

(iii) to undertake screening of pregnant women and new born babies for inherited genetic diseases in hospitals at aspirational districts.

  1. Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)
  • Developed through consultations with more than 35 countries, CDRI envisions enabling measurable reduction in infrastructure losses from disasters, including extreme climate events. CDRI thus aims to enable the achievement of objectives of expanding universal access to basic services and enabling prosperity as enshrined in the Sustainable Development Goals, while also working at the intersection of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Paris Climate Agreement.
  • Established as a platform for generating and exchanging knowledge, CDRI will conduct country-specific and global activities. CDRI will provide member countries technical support and capacity development, research and knowledge management, and advocacy and partnerships to facilitate and encourage investment in disaster resilient infrastructure systems.
  • In its formative stage, CDRI will focus on developing resilience in ecological infrastructure, social infrastructure with a concerted emphasis on health and education, and economic infrastructure with special attention to transportation, telecommunications, energy, and water.
  • Within 2-3 years, the coalition aims to have a 3-fold impact of achieving considerable changes in member countries’ policy frameworks, future infrastructure investments and high reduction in economic losses from climate-related events and natural disasters across sectors. CDRI will uphold the UN Agenda 2030 principle of leaving no one, no place, and no ecosystem behind, focusing on the most vulnerable regions and populations, while enabling inclusive and deliberative processes that recognize national and local efforts as primal
  1. Aadi Mahotsav
  • Adi Mahotsav is jointly organized by Tribal Affairs Ministry and TRIFED
  • The festival showcases traditional art and handicrafts and cultural heritage of the country.
  1. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Why in news:

  • India is hosting the Second Lead Author Meeting of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group III Sixth Assessment Report at New Delhi, beginning 30th September to 4th October 2019.

What is it?

  • The IPCC is the UN body for assessing the science related to climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide political leaders with periodic scientific assessments concerning climate change, its implications and risks, as well as to put forward adaptation and mitigation strategies. It has 195 member states.
  1. School Education Quality Index (SEQI)

About the Index:

  • School Education Quality Index (SEQI) was developed by NITI Aayog to evaluate the performance of States and Union Territories (UTs) in the school education sector. The index aims to bring an ‘outcomes’ focus to education policy by providing States and UTs with a platform to identify their strengths and weaknesses and undertake requisite course corrections or policy interventions.


  • SEQI strives to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and best practices across States and UTs. Developed through a collaborative process, including key stakeholders such as Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD), the World Bank and sector experts, the index consists of 30 critical indicators that assess the delivery of quality education. These indicators are categorized as below:

Category 1: Outcomes

  1. Domain 1: Learning outcomes
  2. Domain 2: Access outcomes
  3. Domain 3: Infrastructure and facilities for outcomes
  4. Domain 4: Equity outcomes

Category 2: Governance processes aiding outcomes

Performance of states:

  • States’ overall performance may hide variations in their performance on the underlying categories. Of the 20 Large States, 10 perform better on the Outcomes category, with the most noticeable performance differences observed in the cases of Karnataka, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh. The other Large States perform better on the Governance Processes Aiding Outcomes category, with the most noticeable performance differences observed in the cases of Odisha, Punjab and Haryana.
  • Of the eight Small States, seven perform better on the Outcomes category, with the most noticeable performance differences observed in the cases of Manipur, Tripura and GoaSikkimis the only Small State that performs better on the Governance Processes Aiding Outcomes category.
  • Of the seven UTs, four perform better on the Outcomes category, with the most noticeable performance differences observed in Dadra & Nagar Haveli. Delhi, Daman & Diuand Lakshadweep perform better on the Governance Processes Aiding Outcomes category


18 (A-WEB)

  • The Election Commission of India is scheduled to host the 4th General Assembly of Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) at Bengaluru on 3rd September 2019. 
  • The Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) is the largest association of Election Management Bodies (EMBs) worldwide. A-WEB was established on October 14, 2013 in Song-doSouthKorea
  • The permanent secretariat of A-WEB is located at Seoul.
  • A-WEB’s vision is to foster efficiency and effectiveness in conducting free, fair, transparent and participative elections worldwide. 
  • Election Commission of India associated with A-WEB since 2011-12 further ECI has been its Executive Board Member since AWEB’s inception in October 2013 for two consecutive terms (2013-15 and 2015-17)
  • India is all set to take over as Chair now for the 2019-21 term.
  • At present A-WEB has 115 EMBs as Members & 20 Regional Associations/Organisations as Associate Members. 24 EMBs from Asia, 37 from Africa, 31 from America, 17 from Europe &  6 from Oceania presently are members of A WEB
  1. COP 14


  • COP14 will take place on 2-13 September 2019 at the India Mart and Expo, in the Greater Noida area of New Delhi, India
  • theme of the Conference i.e. “Restore land, Sustain future”
  • This year, India being the global host for COP 14 will take over the COP Presidency from China for the next two years till 2021.
  • The objective of the COP 14, accompanied with fourteenth meeting of Committee on Science and Technology (CST 14) and eighteenth meeting of Committee to Review the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC 18), is to discuss on various issues of land such as sustainable land management, reversing land degradation, mitigating drought, halting desertification, addressing sand and dust storms, linkages with gender, tenure, etc. and guide the Convention as global and national circumstances needs change.





20.Poshan Maah

  • September is been observed as a Poshan Maah
  • (Nutrition Month) to sensitize the public towards healthy eating, address the twin issues of malnutrition/undernutrition and problem of obesity in some sections of the population, and intensifying the campaign towards a ‘Malnutrition-Free India’.

21.Exercise Yudh Abhyas

  • a joint military training of Indo-US .


22.the Integrated Tiger Habitat Conservation Programme (ITHCP)

  • Initiated in 2014, the Integrated Tiger Habitat Conservation Programme (ITHCP) or ‘Tiger Programme‘ is a grant-making initiative which contributes to the Global Tiger Recovery Programme (GTRP), a global effort to double tiger numbers in the wild by 2022. The programme consists of a portfolio of 12 large-scale projects in key Tiger Conservation Landscapes across Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Nepal and Myanmar. 
  • Various initiative for tiger at world and India level




  • New Development Bank
  • At the fourth BRICS Summit in New Delhi (2012), the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa considered the possibility of setting up a new Development Bank to mobilize resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging economies, as well as in developing countries. 
  • NDB’s approved loan proportion to India is 28%, the second highest after China amongst the BRICS countries. States like Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Assam are receiving funding from the Bank
  • NDB can consider raising green bonds for financing water and sanitation projects and also provide credit enhancement to municipalities for raising bonds in future .


24.Provision Coverage Ratio (PCR) 

Ø  Why in news :Cabinet approves Infusion of capital by Government in IDBI Bank

Ø  Provision Coverage Ratio (PCR) improved from 69% (30.9.18) to 83% (31.3.19) and further to 88% on 30th June 2019.

Ø  What is PCR

  • The provision coverage ratio (PCR) gives an indication of the provision made against bad loans from the profit generated. Higher the PCR, lower is the unexposed part of the bad debts.


  • the South East Asia Health Emergency Response Fund 
  • India will contribute 200,000 US dollars towards implementation of the preparedness stream under the South East Asia Health Emergency Response Fund (SEARHEF)


  • the Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria (GFTAM)
  • India has announced a contribution of 22 million US Dollars to the Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria (GFTAM) for the 6th replenishment cycle (2020-22), 

Exercise TSENTR 2019 

  • the four main Russian operational strategic commands. Russia holds a major military exercise every year at one of it’s four military Commands i.e Vostok (East), Zapad (West), TSENTR (Centre) and Kavkas (South). 
  • These annual exercises have slowly began taking an international character
  • This year’s Exercise TSENTR 2019 will be conducted by Central Military Commission of Russia. Apart from host Russia, military contingents from China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan will also take part in this mega event.


  • Climate Change and Land by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 
  • Assessment of biodiversity and ecosystem services by the Intergovernmental Platform of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

28.“Local and Regional Governments Day” 

Ø  Local and Regional Governments Day observed on Day 6 of the COP14

29.The Great IndianBustard.

  • Why in new : Union Minister for Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC), ShriPrakashJavadekar, addressed the 5thConvocation of Forest Research Institute (FRI) Deemed to be University at Dehradun
  • He also congratulated the scientists for their efforts in conservation of critically endangered bird, The Great IndianBustard.
  • About The Great IndianBustard


  • critically endangered bird
  • Listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972, in the CMS Convention and in Appendix I of CITES, as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List and the National Wildlife Action Plan (2002-2016). It has also been identified as one of the species for the recovery programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
  • Today, its population is confined mostly to Rajasthan and Gujarat. Small population occur in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Bustards generally favour flat open landscapes with minimal visual obstruction and disturbance, therefore adapt well in grasslands
    • .North Eastern Council.
  • NEC was established under the North Eastern Council Act, 1971as an apex level body for securing balanced and coordinated development and facilitating coordination with the States.
  • Over the last thirty five years, NEC has been instrumental in setting in motion a new economic endeavour aimed at removing the basic handicaps that stood in the way of normal development of the region and has ushered in an era of new hope in this backward area full of great potentialities.
  • The Union Cabinet, in June 2018, approved the proposal of Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) for the nomination of the Union Home Minister as ex-officio Chairman of North Eastern Council (NEC). The Cabinet also approved that Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of DoNER would serve as Vice Chairman of the Council.

31.ADB(Asian Dovelopment Bank )

     Why in news : India & ADB  sign $200 million loan to improve rural connectivity in Maharashtra


  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bankestablished on 19 December 1966.
  • ADB is headquartered in Manila, Philippines.It aims to promote social and economic development in Asia.
  • ADB now has 67 members, of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside.
  • Japan holds the largest proportionof shares in ADB followed by the USA.

32.ANGAN (Augmenting Nature by Green Affordable New-habitat)

  • An international conference focussed on Energy Efficiency in Building Sector
  • organised by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Ministry of Power, Government of India in collaboration with GIZ under the Indo German Technical Cooperation.
  • It will enhance the interdependence between organizations, systemic sustainability and feedback loops for better resource efficiency.
  • About BEE
  • The BEE is a statutory body under the Ministry of Power, Government of India. 
  • The primary objective of reducing the energy intensity of the Indian economy.
  • BEE coordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies, and other organizations to identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation
  • BEE provides rating to electronics equipments
  • Other BEE programme
  • Energy conservation building Code

   This code is for commercial buildings energy performance will be considered regarding shape of building Mechanical systems of buildings ,AC systems i.e cooling and heating systems are parameters for ratings

33.Skill India gets its first Batch of IES officers to the ISDS cadre; Skill Minister inaugurates the foundation course for youngest officers

  • The fresh batch of the newest central government services, the Indian Skill Development Services commenced their training program at the Administrative Training Institute (ATI), Mysuru 
  • This service has been specially created for the Training Directorate of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and is a Group ‘A’ service. These is the first batch which is joiningthe ISDS cadre from the Indian Engineering Service Examination conducted by UPSC.
  1. the United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD).
  • The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol (A/RES/61/106) was adopted on 13 December 2006 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, and was opened for signature on 30 March 2007.
  • India is a signatory of the United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). It ratified this Convention on 01-10-2007 in pursuance of Article 35 of the Convention. India submitted its First Country Report on Status of Disability in India in November 2015.

35.Inauguration of Motihari-Amlekhganj (Nepal) pipeline by PM and PM Oli of Nepal

Ø   the 69-km Motihari-Amlekhgunj pipeline, having a capacity of 2 million metric ton per annum, will provide cleaner petroleum products at affordable cost to the people of Nepal.


36.Man Portable Antitank Guided Missile (MPATGM)

  • The missile was launched from a man portable Tripod launcher and the target was mimicking a functional tank
  • MPATGM is third-generation anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) indigenously developed by DRDO.
  • it works on fire and forget principle and is known for its top attack capabilities. It is effective against both stationary and moving targets. It will be deployed in infantry and parachute battalions of Indian Army.


37.The Drought Preparedness Day

  • 11 September 2019 is observed as The Drought Preparedness Day


  • The Drought Preparedness Day will be an occasion to present and discuss the success and challenges of the current tools, methodologies and policies supporting drought preparedness.

38.Drought Toolbox launched on Day 10 of COP14

Ø  a toolbox which is a one-stop shop for all actions on drought

Ø  The toolbox is a sort of knowledge bank which contains tools that strengthen the ability of countries to anticipate and prepare for drought effectively and mitigate their impacts as well as tools that enable communities to anticipate and find the land management tools that help them to build resilience to drought.

39.Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana 

  • Luanched at Ranchi .
  • The Scheme shall secure the lives of 5 Crore Small and Marginal Farmers by providing a minimum pension of Rs 3000 per month, to those who attain 60 years of age.


40.Exercise MAITREE-2019 

  • Joint Military Exercise between India and Thailand will be conducted at Foreign Training Node, Umroi (Meghalaya) from 16-29 Sep 2019

41.Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development Hub

  • India has joined the Global Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Research and Development (R&D) Hub as a new member.
  • The global research and development hub on antimicrobial resistancewas launched in May 2018 on the sidelines of the 71st session of the World Health Assembly. 
  • a Secretariat in Berlin, Germany
  • It is currently financed through grants from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG)


  • Union Minister for Tribal Affairs Shri Arjun Mundalaunched the Biggest Tribal movement to promote tribal enterprise through Bamboonomics in the country which will be a beacon for the rest of the world
  • also help India earn carbon credits by creating a market for bamboo charcoal





1.Section 126 of RPA

  • Section 126 of theRepresentation of the People Act, 1951prohibits displaying any election matter by means, inter alia, of television or similar apparatus, during the period of 48 hours before the hour fixed for conclusion of poll in a constituency


  • Essential ‘S’s of Climate Finance- Scope, Scale and Speed
  • Productivity Linked Bonus 
  • Reorient curriculum to make students curious, creative, caring, communicative, confident & capable
  • Education should be affordable, equitable and inclusive;
  • Need, not greed, has been India’s guiding principle
  • Leather sector has the potential to create 2 million jobs in the next 5 years
  • Average growth in fish production during 2017-18 stands at 10.14% with 14% increase in Inland fisheries



Topic: The effect of liberalization on the economy ,changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth

                   I.            CBDT consolidates Circulars for ease of compliance of Start-ups

  • Simplification of process of assessment of Start-ups:
  • Time limit for Completion of pending assessments of Start-ups
  • Constitution of Start-up Cell
  • CBDT has constituted a Start-up Cell under the aegis of Member(IT&C), CBDT to redress grievances and to address various tax related issues in the cases of Start-ups. Grievances can also be filed online at cbdt@gov.in.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

                II.            Measures to Boost Economic Growth

Ø  Partial credit guarantee scheme

ü  e for banks to buy assets of NBFCs has been implemented.

Ø  Faceless Assessment for The E-assessment Scheme under section 143(3A) of the IT Act

ü  All communication to be made exclusively in electronic mode

ü  No personal appearance of any assesse

Ø  Document Identification Number (DIN)

ü  All notices, summons, orders, communication to be issued only through system

ü  All documents to have unique DIN

ü  Validation of Documents issued can be done on e-filing portal

ü  Documents without DIN to be treated as non-est

Ø  Export promotion

New Measures to Boost Exports Export Finance


Topic: Food processing and related industries in India (scope & significance, location, upstream-downstream requirements, supply chain management); storage, transport & marketing of agro-produce and related issues & constraints; Economics of animal-rearing


             III.            Cabinet approves Mechanism revision of ethanol price for supply to Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies for procurement of ethanol w.e.f. December’19 for one year period

                IV.            Decisions for reduction of cane farmer’s dues.

  • With a view to limit sugar production in the Country and to increase domestic production of ethanol, Government has taken multiple steps including, allowing diversion of B heavy molasses and sugarcane juice for ethanol production.
  • sugar and sugar syrup for ethanol production to help in solving the problem of inventory and liquidity with the sugar mills.


Some Terms/ Quotation


Places in PIb

a)      Vladivostok, Russia for Eastern Economic Forum

Why in new :Pm MOdi will visit this place

  1. Iceland

      The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind visited in Reykjavik, Iceland,

  1. Mount Satopanth


  • Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri G. Kishan Reddy felicitated the 16 members expedition team of CISF who successfully summitted Mount Satopanth peak
  • Mountain rangeGarhwal Himalaya
  • Satopanth is one of the prominent peaks of the Garhwal range of Himalayas that politically fall in the Indian subcontinent and the also the second highest peak in Gangotri National Park.


Words in pib

  1. Regulation technology (or RegTech) , Supervisory technology (or SupTech),

Ø  These words are described by the Steering Committee on Fintech i.e Financial technology related issues



MAINS SPECIFIC words quotes 

  1. “The mediocre teacher tells;

The good teacher explains;

The superior teacher demonstrates;

The great teacher inspires.”                          By honourable  Vice President of India


  1. “true teachers are those who help us think for ourselves”.            By honourable  Vice President of India


  1. “We want that education by which character is formed, strength of mind is increased, the intellect is expanded and by which one can stand on one’s own feet”. By honourable  Vice President of India



  1. Civil Services Officers to take lead in translating “Swarajya” to “Surajya” by providing a corruption-free, citizen-centric and business-friendly governance and ensure that fruits of development reach each citizen to cause a perceptible improvement in the quality of life.     

 By honourable  Vice President of India

  1. “You will not have a united India if you do not have a good All-India Service which has the independence to speak out its mind.”

  By   Sardar Patel  

  1. “Sab ka Saath, Sab ka Vikaas and  Sab Ka Vishwas”. 

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